Moneta Gallery Coin Museum



Users 13,829
Photos 3,249
Comments 262
Views 13,857,305
Disk Space 327.6mb

SunMon TueWed ThuFri Sat
     12
3456789
10111213141516
17181920212223
24252627282930
31      

Moneta 2321
Zantetsuken 293
Chinacash 170
stretrader99z 133
numismatist6 100

Stone_Jade.jpg
White Jade Cowrie -
Moneta

[ Archaic: Cowries, Spades & Knives ]
CH_Cowrie_Clay.jpg
Ceramic Clay Cowrie
Moneta

[ Archaic: Cowries, Spades & Knives ]
Bone_Cowry1.jpg
China - Ivory Cowrie
Moneta

[ Archaic: Cowries, Spades & Knives ]
C_flat_jade.jpg
Flat Crystalized Bon
Moneta

[ Archaic: Cowries, Spades & Knives ]
C_flat_shell.jpg
Cowrie made of Shell
Moneta

[ Archaic: Cowries, Spades & Knives ]
h1_3_1_2g_23_5xx16m.jpg
China - Bronze Imita
Moneta

[ Archaic: Cowries, Spades & Knives ]
· more ·

 

« Previous image · Next image »

Ancient Stone carved cowrie - Chinese
Ancient Stone carved cowrie - Chinese

Click on image to view larger image

« Previous image  · Slide Show · Next image »

Moneta



Registered: August 2005
Location: Arizona USA
Posts: 2,258
users gallery
This has to be a premier example of an imitation cowry. Every detail has been reproduced in an open-backed cowry carved in stone! Thus it might be considered a very early form of man-made money, perhaps pre-dating the copper/bronze types. Also, this one shows evidence of having been colored (red ochre?).
As everywhere at the dawn of culture, barter was used in China in prehistorical times. Soon periodical markets were held, especially along the borders to neighbouring realms. According to Chinese tradition this happened at the time of the legendary emperor Shen-Nun (2737-2697 AD). Through such markets the Chinese came in contact with cowrie shells for the first time. Since these cowries were popular embellishments, they soon became standards of value the first "coins."
To satisfy the demands of trade and everyday use, large numbers of cowries were needed. And the supply was in constant danger: unpaid taxes and the chaos of war could easily lead to shortages. Hence from about 1350 BC, people began to imitate cowries from clay, bronze, or, like the piece shown here, from stone. This stone cowrie probably dates from the 7th century BC.
Cowries, whether real or imitations, were not yet "real" coins. Coins always bear the official mark of some issuing authority such as a mint; with cowrie shells, this was not the case. Hence, they are referred to as pre-coinage means of payment.
This is 22 x 16 x 7 mm; 2.60 gm - Very Scarce with this intricate detailed carving.


Moneta Library has articles on Cowries to VIEW and DOWNLOAD:
The Worlds's First Money, Chinese Cowries and Their Imitations - by Ted Puls [ link ]
Cowries - Bob Reis: [ link ]
Origin of Cowries in Ancient China - UofPa: [ link ]
Metallic Cowries - Royal Asiatic Society: [ link ]
Nice Video on Cowrie history: [ link ]
The following is by Bob Reis, a prominent numismatic dealer and author:
There are two aspects to cowrie substitutes. One was that cowries had value, it was custom of the time to bury the dead with grave goods, over time the grave goods became more and more imitations of the real thing. The other was that in regions where cowries were scarce they might make imitations for the market, because something was better than nothing.
There are a variety of small bronze items that have been speculatively considered to have been some kind of local money, but they are not mentioned in the classical Chinese monetary and numismatic books. Notwithstanding, some of these objects are found in such large quantities that it seems reasonable to consider them as money objects. The idea that enigmatic bronze objects were early forms of Chinese “money” was popularized in Europe by a monograph written by H. A. Ramsden in 1912.
Zhou dynasty was a confederation of little kingdoms with a figurehead Emperor. Various constituent states started using money in their commercial activities. Odd shaped coins such as spade, knife, ant, nose, yibi, and possible money items like fish and cicada money were followed by the early round coins.
The oldest Chinese coins are at least as old as the earliest Greek coins. The Chinese coinage system differed from other systems in two ways. It was monometallic, only bronze coins circulated in general commerce. Gold and silver were treated as commodities. And the manufacturing method was by casting in moulds rather than by striking heated solid planchets.
· Date: September 8, 2007 · Views: 12,355 · Filesize: 29.5kb, 80.1kb · Dimensions: 850 x 375 ·
Keywords: Chinese Stone carved cowry cowrie
Additional Categories: Archaic: Cowries, Spades & Knives

Cypraea_moneta.jpg
Holed_Cyp_Annulus.jpg
Open_Cyp_moneta.jpg
Stone_Cowry1.jpg
Bone_Cowry1.jpg
C_flat_stone2.jpg
Bone_Cowry2.jpg
C_flat_jade.jpg
C_flat_stone.jpg
Stone_Jade.jpg
Stone_Cowry2.jpg
C_Stone_ang.jpg
C_flat_shell.jpg
C_Cowry_calc.jpg
BrzGold.jpg
BrzCowry.jpg
BrzTree.jpg
Cowry_Silver.jpg
Leadcowrie.jpg
GhostFace.jpg
clay_cowrie.jpg
more »


Photo Sharing Gallery by PhotoPost
Copyright © 2007 All Enthusiast, Inc.

No portion of this page, text, images or code, may be copied, reproduced, published or distributed in any medium without the expressed written permission of the copyright holder.