Moneta Gallery Coin Museum



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German Occupied Terr
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Adolf Hitler portrai
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GERMANY (THIRD REICH
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[ 3rd Reich ]
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Nazi 5 RM Church w/d
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Germany - Hindenburg
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Nazi Army 5 Reichspfennig
Nazi Army 5 Reichspfennig

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Moneta



Registered: August 2005
Location: Arizona USA
Posts: 2,356
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Very nice example that has avoided the dreaded zinc disease. OK, so it's only the 1940 A but they are still hard to find this nice. They were issued for circulation only in occupied areas.
When the Wehrmacht entered any foreign country, it issued decrees making this money legal tender at a specified exchange rate with the indigenous currency at a ratio, usually the pre-invasion rate, between reichmarks and the local money thus it was tied to the Reichsmark. German troops received their pay in Reichs Kredit Kassen scheine and since the currency was
legal tender only in the occupied areas, the soldiers had to spend their money there or forfeit its value on returning to Germany. By using these non-convertible occupation currencies the Germans effectively transferred the total cost of the occupation to the defeated country!
With the German annexation of Austria and the Sudetenland portion of Czechoslovakia in 1938, these territories were incorporated into the German Reich and the Reichsmark was made legal tender in these territories by decrees of March 17, 1938 (Order for the transfer of the Austrian National Bank to the Reichsbank, Reichsgesetz blatt 1938, 1, No 27, p. 254) and October 10, 1938 (Decree regarding the introduction of Reichsmark Currency into Sudeten German Territories, Bank for International Settlements, Doc. L. D. 36).
In most cases decrees regulated the rate of exchange between the occupied territory and the German Reichs bank. For example, a decree dated September 11, 1939 established the exchange ratio between the Reichsmark and the Polish Zloty at 1 (one) Zloty = 50 (fifty) Reichspfennig.
However, in order to control military spending and inflation a series of legal decrees in Berlin established the operation of a military central banking institution called "Reichs Kredit Kassen". This organization issued both coins and paper currency legal tender at first only in Poland, later expanded to other occupied territories. Two zinc coins, a 5 and 10 pfennig, were issued to the military forces as mentioned above. These coins, with the German eagle on one side and swastika and REICHS KREDIT KASSEN on the other, were unique as no other German issue is holed (except German East Africa).
This first appeared in Poland in 1939, backed partly by loans and partly by occupation cost accounts. In 1940 it appeared in Denmark, Norway, Holland, Belgium and France; in 1941 in the Balkans and in Russia; thus for a while it was legal tender throughout German-occupied Europe.
· Date: March 18, 2007 · Views: 14,426 · Filesize: 43.7kb, 59.3kb · Dimensions: 670 x 345 ·
Keywords: Nazi 3rd Third Army military
Denomination: 5 Reichspfennig
Reference #: KM 98
Date/Mintmark: 1940 A
Condition: Unc
Metal: zinc

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3R2MkHind38E.jpg


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