Moneta Gallery Coin Museum



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Moneta



Registered: August 2005
Location: Arizona USA
Posts: 1,645
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This token 5 Sols was minted in Birmingham England. Late in 1791 Matthew Boulton, utilizing his newly invented steam driven coin presses, was commissioned by the Monneron Brothers of Paris France to produce 1, 2 and 5 Sols pieces in great quantity at his Soho Mint near Birmingham. According to various sources, the total weight of tokens produced was in excess of 70 tons. These 'monnaies de necessite' were to be used to remedy the lack of specie which plagued France during the early revolutionary years. The technical and aesthetic quality of the tokens was far superior to the bronze coins of the time.
Obverse - Soldiers swearing allegiance to personification of 'France', who holds a copy of the Constitution. Legend: "VIVRE LIBRES OU MOURIER." ("Live Free or Die"). In exergue: "14 JUILLET 1790"
Above the flags: "PACTE FEDERATIF"
Reverse: "MEDAILLE DE CONFIANCE DE CINQ-SOLS REMBOURSABLE EN ASSIGNATS DE 50 L. ET AU DESSUS." In exergue: "L'AN IV DE LA LIBERTE" Legend: "MONNERON FRERES NEGOCIANS A PARIS 1792." Edge reads: "DEPARTEMENS DE PARIS . RHONE ET LOIRE . DU GARD . &c". Mazard No. 145. There are several other types, some much rarer, including types struck in silver.


The date L'AN IV de la Liberte refers to the Revolutionary French Constitutional Calendar and translates as 1792. The scene on the obverse shows the Oath of the Federation, the first anniversary of which was celebrated by the Festival of the Federation on 14 July 1790. The Festival, which included a mass held by the great French statesman Talleyrand (1754-1838), then the Bishop of Autun, also commemorated the taking of the Bastille and the bond uniting the nation, the king, and the people.


In March 1792, the Monneron Brothers became bankrupt and one brother, Pierre, abandoned the business. Under the other brother, Augustin, the business recovered, but a law inacted 3rd May 1792 forbade the production of privately issued coinage. In September, a further decree also forbade the marketing of these 'Medailles de Confiance'. This emergency coinage only remained in circulation until the end of 1793. These are listed in KM under France Token issues of MONNAIES DE CONFIANCE (1791-92).


VIEW & DOWNLOAD:
Here is the link to the BEST article on Matthew Boulton, the Industrialization of Coinage, and the Monneron Brother's wonderful token coinage during the French Revolution:
Boulton and the Monnerons - Margolis: [ link ]
· Date: January 6, 2007 · Views: 11,684 · Filesize: 31.9kb, 80.8kb · Dimensions: 850 x 452 ·
Keywords: French france revolution medal token sols sol
Denomination: 5 Sols
Reference #: KM Tn31; Mazard No. 145
Date/Mintmark: 1792
Condition: AU
Weight: 30 gm; 40 mm
Metal: Bronze

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Moneta

Registered: August 2005
Location: Arizona USA
Posts: 1,645
January 7, 2007 2:47pm

VIVRE LIBRES OU MOURIER ("Live Free Or Die"); PACTE FEDERATIF ("Federative Oath"); DUPRE F.(ecit) (Dupre [made it]); MEDAILLE DE CONFIANCE DE CINQ-SOLS REMBOURSABLE EN ASSIGNATS DE 50 ET AU DESSUS ("Promissory Token of 5 Sols, Payable in Assignats of 50 [here there are letters superscripted which read as 'tt', the meaning being Sols or Livres, is unclear to me]); L'AN IV DE LA LIBERTE ("4th Year of Freedom" [of the Revolution]; Monneron Freres Negocians A Paris ("Monneron Brothers, Dealers [bankers] at Paris").


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