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North Korea - 1 Won

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Korea - 3 Chon - Green enamel
Korea - 3 Chon - Green enamel

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Registered: August 2005
Location: Arizona USA
Posts: 2,365
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Presented here is a Rare 'set' of enameled coins of Korea. This 3 Chon in Green is about as good as it gets condition wise. The enameling can be found missing, in a full blob that covers 'HoJo', thinly applied were 'HoJo' can bee seen, and intermediate states. These were issued for a few months between 1882-83 by the Tae Dong (or Dae Dong) Treasury Department (HoJo). These were an effort to 'modernize' Korean coinage and make it more acceptable and impressive to foreign traders. However, the added cost of applying and melting the porcelain enamel during manufacture and the rising value of silver soon found these coins leaving the country as fast as they could be made. The were also hoarded by the Yangban class (wealth & royal). Fakes have been seen that are obvious to those who have seen the real thing. Enamel comes in black, blue, and green (aqua) and their scarcity seems to follow that order. A crude reeding exists. Very high condition ones like this show a 'smokey' tarnish in wavy patterns; this is from the firing required to melt the glass powder. RARE!

Korean Dae Dong silver coin (Chon) minted in 1882. But prior to that time, in the year 1882 which was the 19th year of the reign of King Gojong (Kojong), Korea began to cast a new type of coin. Unlike the copper sang pyong tong bo coins, these coins were made of silver and no longer had a square hole in the center. The inscription on these new coins begins with dae dong and includes a number from one through three. Dae dong means "Great East" (Great Eastern Kingdom) and is another name for Korea.
The denomination was chon which was "1/10 of an ounce". A Korean "ounce" was 37.5 grams. The numbers "one", "two" and "three" represented 0.1 ounce, 0.2 ounce and 0.3 ounce, respectively. For example, the coin shown here is a number "three". Dimension and weight: (1 Chon, 20 mm, 3.4-3.7 grams), the 2 Chon coin (28 mm, 7.1-7.7 grams) and that for the 3 Chon coin (33 mm, 10.6 grams).
There are several varieties of the 3 Chon coin including large character, medium character and small character. These new silver coins also have a distinctive reverse side. All the coins were made by the same Treasury Department Mint (Hojo) that had been casting the sang pyong tong bo coins. However, the mint mark (Ho) on the new coins was placed in a circle in the middle of the reverse side and was surrounded by colored enamel (blue, green or black).
Unfortunately, these new coins, which imitated Western coins, failed to achieve their goal of stabilizing the monetary system. The price of silver was rising in China as was the cost of production. The coins were hoarded by the yangban who were the nobles and ruling class, and taken out of the country for their intrinsic metal content. As a result, minting of these coins ceased in June 1883.
VIEW or DOWNLOAD these Korean Coin articles:
A "Survey of Korean Coins" article, and others, are available in the Moneta Library:
German Coin Techinques in Korea - Won Yu-Han: [ link ]
Korea - A Numismatic Survey - Boling: [ link ]
Rulers of Korea: [ link ]
· Date: February 25, 2006 · Views: 12,871 · Filesize: 39.9kb, 74.3kb · Dimensions: 750 x 385 ·
Keywords: korea korean chon cloisonne enamel
Denomination: 3 Chon
Reference #: KM 1083
Date/Mintmark: ND (1882-83)
Condition: PCGS AU53 (better in my opinion)
Weight: 8.2 gm; 32.5 mm
Metal: silver (Green enamel)

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