Moneta Gallery Coin Museum



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UK_William_Pitt
UK - William Pitt - 1794

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Moneta



Registered: August 2005
Location: Arizona USA
Posts: 2,143
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The obverse shows William Pitt with legend around. THE. R. HON. W. PITT. LORD WARDEN CINQUE PORTS. This was a title bestowed on Pitt by the Crown. The ports were a series of coastal towns in Kent and Sussex at the east end of the English channel and important for coastal defense. Pitt an American hero and an advocate for the Colonies is honored on this token. He opposed the 'Stamp Act' the Crown imposed on the American Colonies and which was a major factor in the American Revolution. Edge: 'Payable At Lancaster London or Bristol.'
The Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports is a ceremonial official in the United Kingdom. The post dates from at least the 12th century but may be older. The Lord Warden was originally in charge of the Cinque Ports, a group of five (cinque in Norman French) port towns on the southeast coast of England. Today the role is a sinecure and an honorary title, and 14 towns belong to the Cinque Ports confederation. The title is one of the higher honours bestowed by the Sovereign; it has often been held by members of the Royal Family or Prime Ministers, especially those who have been influential in defending Britain at times of war.
The Lord Warden was solely responsible for the return of all writs to the Crown, along with the collection of taxes and the arrest of criminals. His court was held in St James's church, near Dover Castle, and there he exercised jurisdiction broadly equivalent to that of Chancery. He also had a "lieutenant's powers of muster", and the Constableship of Dover Castle, later added to the Warden's office, enabled him to keep a garrison and administrative staff, including the Clerk and the Lieutenant of the Castle.
The coat of arms of the Cinque Ports first appeared in 1305, second amongst the earliest English known heraldic emblems, predating even the coat of arms of the City of London. The coat of arms of the Cinque Ports displays three ships' hulls and three lions passant guardant conjoined to these hulls, all in gold.
· Date: June 25, 2017 · Views: 1,500 · Filesize: 121.9kb · Dimensions: 890 x 451 ·
Keywords: UK - William Pitt 1794
Denomination: Half Penny
Reference #: D&H M
Date/Mintmark: 1794
Condition: AU+
Metal: Copper

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