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Netherlands - Batavi

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Netherlands - Batavian Republic 1G 1795

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Registered: August 2005
Location: Arizona USA
Posts: 1,645
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The French Revolutionary Wars progressed into the Netherlands after the fall of resistance in Luxembourg and the defeat of Prussia & allies there. The Batavian Republic was established over portions of the Netherlands, which was already considered a republic.

Obverse legend: MO : ARG : ORD : FAED: BELG : HOLL; except for the FAED (w/'AE' conjoined) everything matches KM# 8.2 for 1795. Here's the exclusive information from a Netherlands coin dealer:

The guldens from the Batavian Republic period were struck by five different provinces:
- Gelderland: 1795 & 1796: KM# 8.1
- Holland: 1795, 1797 & 1800: KM# 8.2
- Overijssel: 1795 & 1796: KM# 8.3
- Utrecht: 1795, 1798 & 1799: KM# 8.4
- West-Friesland: 1795 & 1796: KM# 8.5

According to Krause it should be FOE, but this is based on the 1797 gulden, which was struck at a different city (these pieces have a star after the date). The 1795 pieces usually have FAE(D) and not FOE in its obverse legend.

The Batavian Republic (Dutch: Bataafse Republiek; French: République Batave) was the successor of the Republic of the Seven United Netherlands. It was proclaimed on 19 January 1795, and ended on 5 June 1806, with the accession of Louis I to the throne of Holland.
In early 1795, intervention by French revolutionary forces led to the downfall of the old Dutch Republic. The new Republic enjoyed widespread support from the Dutch population and was the product of a genuine popular revolution. Nevertheless, it clearly was founded with the armed support of the revolutionary French Republic. The Batavian Republic became a client state, the first of the "sister-republics" and later part of the French Empire of Napoleon Bonaparte, and its politics were deeply influenced by the French who supported no fewer than three coups d'état to bring the different political factions to power that France favored at different moments in its own political development. Nevertheless, the process of creating a written Dutch constitution was mainly driven by internal political factors, not by French influence, until Napoleon forced the Dutch government to accept his brother as monarch. (Wikipedia)
The Dutch Maiden (Dutch: Nederlandse Maagd) is a national personification of the Netherlands. She is typically depicted in a Roman garment and with a lion, the Leo Belgicus, by her side. In addition to the symbol of a national maiden, there were also symbolic provincial maidens and town maidens. On 25 May 1694, the States of Holland and West Friesland introduced a uniform coin design for the United Provinces, showing a Dutch Maiden leaning on a bible placed on an altar and holding a lance with the Cap of Liberty.
During the French occupation, the short-lived Batavian Republic adopted the Dutch Maiden as its main symbol. The symbol was depicted on the upper left corner of the Batavian Republic's flag, with a lion at her feet. In one hand, she holds a shield with the Roman fasces and in the other a lance crowned with the cap of liberty. (Wikipedia)
· Date: February 4, 2017 · Views: 269 · Filesize: 136.5kb · Dimensions: 900 x 451 ·
Keywords: Netherlands, Batavian Republic, 1 Gulden 1795
Denomination: 1 Gulden
Reference #: KM# 8.2
Date/Mintmark: 1795
Condition: VF+
Weight: 10.53 g; 31 mm
Metal: .912 silver; .307 oz ASW
Additional Categories: Revolution!, Ceres Head & National Maidens


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