Moneta Gallery Coin Museum



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Korea 100 Won - 1975
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Kor100W1975
Korea 100 Won - 1975

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Moneta



Registered: August 2005
Location: Arizona USA
Posts: 1,932
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Struck from 1970 - 1982, the issues of 1974 & 1975 have die varieties (KM), but my Korean book does not indicate these. King Sejong is depicted.
King Sejong (r. 1418 - 1450) delighted in science and technology, and supported a number of inventions or refinements of previous technologies. For example, he encouraged the improvement of movable metal type for printing (first used in Korea by 1234, at least 215 years before Gutenberg), as well as the development of sturdier mulberry-fiber paper. These measures made better-quality books much more widely available among educated Koreans. Among the books Sejong sponsored were a history of the Goryeo Kingdom, a compilation of filial deeds (model actions for followers of Confucius to emulate), and farming guides meant to help farmers improve production.


Other scientific devices sponsored by King Sejong included the first rain gauge, sundials, unusually accurate water clocks, and maps of the stars and celestial globes. He also took an interest in music, devising an elegant notation system for representing Korean and Chinese music, and encouraging instrument-makers to improve the designs of various musical instruments.
In 1420, King Sejong established an academy of twenty top Confucian scholars to advise him, called the Hall of Worthies. The scholars studied the ancient laws and rites of China and previous Korean dynasties, compiled historical texts, and lectured the king and crown prince on Confucian classics.
In addition, Sejong ordered one top scholar to comb the country for intellectually talented young men, who would be given a stipend to retreat for one year from their work. The young scholars were sent to a mountain temple where they were allowed to read books on a vast array of subjects including astronomy, medicine, geography, history, the art of war, and religion. Many of the Worthies objected to this expansive menu of options, believing that a study of Confucian thought was sufficient, but Sejong preferred to have a scholar class with a wide range of knowledge.
To aid the common people, Sejong established a grain surplus of approximately 5 million bushels of rice. In times of drought or flood, this grain was available to feed and support poor farming families, preventing famine.
· Date: February 23, 2014 · Views: 1,378 · Filesize: 101.4kb · Dimensions: 860 x 431 ·
Keywords: Korea 100 Won
Denomination: 100 Won
Reference #: KM# 9
Date/Mintmark: 1975
Condition: AU+
Metal: copper-nickel

Kaz_Tangun_500T_16.jpg
Kor100W1959.jpg
Kor5W1966.jpg
Kor10W1966.jpg
Kor100W1975.jpg
Kor10W1959.jpg
Kor50W1959.jpg
KOR_Turtle88Gld.jpg
Kor_Hangul_20K.jpg


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