Moneta Gallery Coin Museum



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Am I Not a Woman & A Sister
Am I Not a Woman & A Sister

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Moneta



Registered: August 2005
Location: Arizona USA
Posts: 1,831
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Hard Times Token. Late in 1837 the American Anti-Slavery Society of N.Y. commissioned Gibbs Gardner & Co of Belleville N.J. to strike these tokens as a fund raiser. For other tokens in this 'family' see Liberia.
(1838 HT-81A "AM I NOT A WOMAN & A SISTER") is credited to the Belleville mint, N.J.
AM I NOT A WOMAN & A SISTER antislavery token. It is also said to commemorate the formation of the Liberty Party in 1838
In late 1837 the American Anti-Slavery Society, located at 143 Nassau Street, New York, commissioned the firm of Gibbs Gardner & Co. of Belleville, N.J. to strike these copper tokens.
The AASS published a weekly newspaper, The Emancipator, published by Charles W. Denison and edited by Joshua Leavitt. In its issue of Nov. 23, 1837, the Emancipator ran an advertisement offering the Female Slave tokens made of good copper and with a device on reverse similar to legal U.S. cents, they sold well.
The ad also said that it was proposed to issue Kneeling Male Slave tokens as well, and this accounts for the few pattern pieces of HT 82, which were never produced for circulation.
U.S. Mint Director Patterson moved quickly to suppress the circulation of HT 81, and it is apparent that by late December, 1837, he had succeeded in part. No further ads for the Female Slave tokens appeared in the AASS weekly or in other Journals, but since the number of pieces of HT 81 still surviving is quite large, they may well have been distributed by middlemen.


VIEW & DOWNLOAD Research documents:
There is an extensive study of these Hard Times Tokens and others in our Moneta Library:
HTT Engraver Hulseman: [ link ]
The Kneeling Slave Token - Beerstecher: [ link ]
Abolitionist Tokens & William Garrison - Rachootin: [ link ]


One notable mystery on these is that the minting origins are still unknown. The article speculates on two well known HTT sources and Rulau now states that it was minted by Gibbs Gardner & Co. of Belleville NJ. There is also an article on that mint in the Library at:
Belleville N.J. Mint - Jacobs: [ link ]
· Date: December 26, 2005 · Views: 12,181 · Filesize: 32.1kb, 57.0kb · Dimensions: 700 x 356 ·
Keywords: Hard Times Slavery Abolitionist Token
Denomination: 1 Cent Token
Reference #: HT81 (Low 54)
Date/Mintmark: 1838
Condition: VF-
Weight: 10.1 gm; ~28 mm
Metal: CU
Additional Categories: Tokens

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